Do You Get Paid For Jury Duty?

Jury duty summons and envelope.

Serving on a jury is a compulsory civic duty for all Americans, except when you are granted an exemption.

Once you receive a summons, you may be concerned about whether you’ll be paid for serving as a prospective juror. Jury service can take several days and, in some cases, may even be just a few hours away from work. However, some criminal cases are extensive, so it’s understandable to worry about your time while fulfilling this compulsory civic duty. This article will discuss whether you get paid for jury duty and how you receive such payments across different states. We will also discuss where the money comes from and whether the state can tax the money.


Do I Get Paid For Jury Duty?

The answer to this question depends on the jury duty laws of the state in which you are serving. In most states, employers are obligated to provide employees with time off whenever they respond to a jury summons. Some states also prohibit employers from deducting jury time from their employees’ paychecks. This means that employees would be paid appropriately during jury duty, as though they were on regular work hours. However, most states leave jury duty pay policies to employers. This protects the employer’s interests and ensures that his employees’ jury time does not interfere with productivity. So, instead of paying the employee their regular salary, the state mandates the employer to pay the employee the standard juror fee in that state. This pay will cover a certain number of days — usually 3-4 days of a regular jury trial. If the jury duty continues after that, the state court system assumes the responsibility for paying the employee who is now a juror.


For example, in Massachusetts, employers are required to pay the daily wage for the first three days of trial, while the state takes over after three days and continues to pay $50 per day. Additionally, New York employers with fewer than ten employees are mandated to either pay the jury rate in New York or the company’s daily wage, whichever is less. However, in some states, such as California, employers have no obligation to pay employees for jury time. Instead, the law encourages them to adopt paid relief as part of their benefits package. So, employees start getting paid $15 plus mileage fee by the court jury system from the second day of jury duty.


Jury Duty Pay Rates

Front view of a state courthouse.

Jury duty pay rates differ depending on which court has summoned you. Additionally, the pay can change based on whether your duty will be in the federal petit, federal grand, or state courts. We will run through the duty pay rates below.


— State Courts

The jury duty pay rates for state courts differ depending on the state in which you live. In most states, you will receive a flat rate of $12 to $50 per day, depending on the court in which you serve. Some states also include mileage and travel allowances, as well as lunch allowances if the court is in recess during lunch hours.


In Oregon, California, Missouri, Mississippi, New Mexico, North Carolina, Rhode Island, Texas, Montana, New Jersey, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Idaho, the pay per day ranges from $5-$15. You can expect to receive $20-$40 daily in states like Alabama, Alaska, DC, Delaware, Wyoming, Vermont, Virginia, Nebraska, Nevada, Minnesota, Louisiana, Iowa, Florida, and Hawaii. The highest paying state courts are in Colorado, Connecticut, and Massachusetts, where employees are given paid time off at a rate of $50 per day.


The reason for these differences in pay rates is that there is no mandatory federal requirement for jury appearances. So, depending on your state’s laws or the specific court in which you serve, your jury duty service may vary widely in terms of payment. Be sure to check with your employer’s Human Resources department to see if you are entitled to employee-paid time off or whether you will receive your full payment while fulfilling your jury duty obligations.


— Federal Petit Jury

The pay rates for federal petit juries differ depending on the duration of the trial. If the trial lasts ten days or less, jurors receive $50 per day. However, if the trial lasts longer than ten days, jurors can receive up to $60 per day after the tenth day. In addition, jurors are usually reimbursed for parking and transportation expenses up to a reasonable fee. When jurors must stay overnight, they also receive allowances for food and lodging. Although the Jury Act forbids employers from acting arbitrarily during their employees’ jury time, it doesn’t require employers to continue paying salaries during jury duty. Nevertheless, some employers choose to do so. If you work for the federal government, you can expect to continue receiving your regular salary instead of the juror fee.


— Federal Grand Jury

Federal grand jurors are paid the same $50 per day as petit jurors, but they are entitled to up to $60 per day only after serving up to 45 days. Federal employees receive their regular wages instead of this rate. In addition, jurors are entitled to additional reimbursements for mileage, parking, and accommodation and lodging expenses in some cases.


— Jury Pay By State


Where Does Juror Pay Come From?

Jury pay can come from a few different sources. In some cases, the government will coordinate the payment of jurors, while in others, the juror pay is generated from other court fees. No matter where the money comes from, it’s usually coordinated by jury commissioners.

In most cases, juror pay comes from the government. This money is usually distributed by jury commissioners. However, it’s not always clear where this money comes from or how it’s allocated.

Some states have programs that use other court fees to generate revenue for funding jurors’ paychecks. For example, Oklahoma and Arizona both have a special fund set up called the Lengthy Trials Funds Program. This program uses fines and other payments made by defendants as a way of reimbursing jurors for their time and expenses related to participating in a trial that lasts more than two days.

While compensation varies from state to state, most people receive around $10-$30 per day for serving on a jury—not much considering the time and effort required. Some states have implemented programs that provide a stipend to help cover the cost of travel, child care, and other expenses related to jury duty. However, these programs are not available in all states.


Taxation Of Jury Duty Pay

When you get paid for jury duty, the government considers it income, and you have to pay taxes on it. Usually, you report this income on your federal tax return as “other income” on Form 1040. In Hawaii, if you get more than $600 for jury duty, the government will give you a form to declare the money when filing your state taxes.


The Bottom Line

Juror duty is considered a paid duty, and you may be paid by your employer or exclusively by the court. The amount you receive per day usually depends on the court, and this money is taxable at the state and federal levels. However, the pay rate can change depending on whether you complete a full day.


The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that about 57% of employees in the private sector get paid jury duty leave, some of which includes states where it’s not mandated. However, your payment amount and method depend greatly on your company’s size and whether you work full-time or part-time. There are several ways to get out of jury duty, especially if you think the jury time will cause you unnecessary financial hardship. However, it is inadvisable to miss your jury duty as it is considered a contempt of court.


Make sure you stay updated on your state’s jury compensation and consult your employer’s Human Resources department beforehand to see if they offer paid jury duty leave.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)


What is the average pay for jury duty?

The average pay for jury duty at the federal court level is $50, although this amount may increase over time. State courts’ pay rates vary, but most offer around $10-$30 per day. Jury duty is considered a paid duty, and you may be paid by your employer or exclusively by the court. The amount you receive per day usually depends on the court, and this money is taxable at the state and federal levels.


Is jury duty mandatory?

Yes, jury duty is mandatory for all citizens of the United States. Jury duty is considered a civic responsibility and anyone can be randomly selected to participate. If you receive a summons for jury duty, you are expected to show up at court. There are some exemptions from selection, such as people over 80 years of age, medically challenged citizens, or people with certain criminal records. Depending on the situation, you may need to call ahead or appear first on the first day of jury service to fill out the juror service questionnaire. The court can also postpone jury duty for employees in peak seasons at their place of employment if they provide proof to the court.


Does my employer have to pay me while I’m on jury duty?

There is no federal mandate for employers to pay employees during jury duty, but the Jury Act protects workers summoned to serve on a jury from any harassment or retaliation by their employer. Some states, such as Nebraska, Tennessee, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Colorado, DC, Connecticut, and Alabama, do have laws mandating paid time off for employees while they perform jury duty service. However, the majority of employers do not have to pay workers while they are fulfilling their civic responsibility.

Some companies offer paid leave for jurors while others do not; it is best to consult with your employer’s Human Resources department before you receive your summons for jury duty. The average juror receives about $50 per day for serving in a federal case. However, this amount may increase over time. The amount you receive and the method of payment vary greatly depending on the court in which you serve. It is important to note that this money is taxable at both the state and federal levels.

If you have any questions about jury duty or paying taxes on money received from it, please contact an accountant or the IRS directly.


How long does jury duty service last?

Jury duty service lasts until the trial is completed, which can take anywhere from a few days to several weeks or even months. If you are not selected to serve on a jury, your service is generally complete after you report to the courthouse and complete any other required paperwork. However, if you are selected to serve on a jury, your service generally lasts until the trial is completed. This means that you may be required to miss work for an extended period of time. It is important to consult with your employer before you receive your summons for jury duty to see if they offer paid leave for jurors.